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Radical City air pollution cases "awesome" policy as the

Article source:admin Popularity:Published time:2016-12-09 17:01


 
Ministry of environmental protection recently released the "2016 annual report" shows that environmental management Chinese motor vehicle, motor vehicle pollution has become an important source of air pollution in China, is an important cause of haze and photochemical smog pollution. Although motor vehicle exhaust has become the main source of city air pollution, but the collection of sewage charges, congestion charges in China have feasibility? The effect how the "pollution", consumers still have doubts.
 
In response to environmental pollution, Minister of the Ministry of environmental protection Chen Jining, to strengthen early warning and forecasting capabilities, and earnestly implement the early warning programs to ensure that the implementation of the emergency measures in place. Beijing to strengthen motor vehicle pollution prevention and control. Chen Jining stressed that this winter and spring is the key period of air pollution prevention and control, to improve forecasting capabilities, overall planning, detailed warning plan, constantly sum up, improve the level of response to heavy pollution weather, to ensure that the emergency measures put in place. Beijing City, to further increase the focus of regional inspectors, precision force, strengthen motor vehicle pollution prevention and control, to speed up the yellow car and old car out of strength, control of heavy trucks and other mobile pollution sources.
 
Prior to this, China's northeast, North and East China and more heavily polluted weather. And the haze weather affected more than one province, a number of cities, explosion table, heavy pollution, a wide range of influence. Expert analysis, the Beijing Tianjin Hebei region during the heavy pollution process in the main PM2.5 group is divided into units and nitrate, while industrial and motor vehicle emissions are the main source of heavy pollution. Ministry of environmental protection recently released the "2016 annual report" shows that China motor vehicle environmental management, 2015, the national motor vehicle emission pollutants preliminary accounting for 45 million 322 thousand tons, motor vehicle pollution has become an important source of air pollution in China, is the important reason causing haze and photochemical smog pollution.
 
Motor vehicle pollution directly affects the health of the masses. Environmental Protection Department of the person in charge of the annual report of the interpretation, according to the annual report statistics, China's continued growth in motor vehicle ownership. 2015, the national motor vehicle ownership reached 279 million units. Annual report said that China has become the world's first major motor vehicle production and marketing in seven consecutive years, the urgency of motor vehicle pollution prevention and control is increasingly prominent. According to the Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai and other 9 cities of fine particulate matter source analysis results show that the local emission sources in the contribution to the concentration of fine particles in the range of 15%~52.1%.
 
Motor vehicle restrictions and other measures to reduce pollutant
 
Statistics show that China's total motor vehicle emissions remain high. Since 2010, China has entered a period of coordinated development of the automobile market, the automobile and the society ". In this period, the car's energy, environment and traffic congestion and other social problems will become more and more prominent. On the one hand, despite the domestic car market downturn last year, but this year, China's car market can still achieve 10% growth, the huge absolute value of the number of growth brought about by environmental problems are still worrying. On the other hand, the quality of oil is also a big problem. In the past 10 years, China has been behind some of its major cities, according to the International Commission on clean transport. Among them, high sulfur content is the culprit, resulting in direct emissions of nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons increased, particulate matter concentration increased.
 
At present, Beijing motor vehicle ownership has reached 5 million 610 thousand, 700 thousand tons of annual emissions of pollutants. It is estimated that motor vehicle emissions of carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons, respectively, accounted for 86% of the city's total emissions of pollutants, 56% and 32%. The past two years, with the improvement of motor vehicle emission standards and the optimization of the vehicle structure, the total amount of motor vehicles increased by about 300 thousand units on the basis of the annual emissions of pollutants decreased by about 200 thousand tons. Data show that during major events or heavy pollution, Beijing to take comprehensive measures such as motor vehicle limit line, the proportion of pollutants emission reductions of up to 20% to 40%.
 
Need to strengthen the prevention and control of motor vehicle emission pollution
 
Although motor vehicle exhaust has become the main source of city air pollution, but the collection of sewage charges, congestion charges in China have feasibility? The effect how the "pollution", consumers still have doubts. Especially car sewage charges, congestion charges levied in what way is more fair, is currently a focus of attention.
 
Although all the factors produced in the PM2.5, in addition to other factors such as the emission standards are not independent control, the other can be controlled independently. The world health organization set the criterion standard value is very high, even in some developed countries, it is difficult to implement immediately, but the World Health Organization in the establishment of criteria values at the same time, the PM2.5 and PM10 established the goal of three transition period with gradient value, transition target value requirements than the criteria values relatively loose. By taking continuous and persistent pollution control measures, the target value can be realized step by step. In order to carry out motor vehicle emission pollution prevention and control, Beijing emissions standards, product quality, eliminate the old motor vehicles and other aspects of the implementation of comprehensive emission reduction measures to strengthen the emergency response during heavy pollution. Now, the governance of air pollution can be said to be the city's environmental protection "top priority"". In the automobile society, only to seize the main reason of city pollution problems, from improving the vehicle emission standards, in order to achieve the comprehensive management of air pollution battle victory.

KEYWORDS:Radical,City,air,pollution,cas